One of the key factors that generate interest from property investors in any given location or city, is job creation. An area in which several businesses are generating career opportunities for people, becomes a magnet for demand from home buyers. Such areas also become the focal point of interest for residential property builders.
Employees of these firms will always hope to find homes close to where they work. Home prices in such areas can be very attractive, if it is still developing and as long as it provides good access to an office hub, it will attract a lot of demand. Apart from end-users, investors will also be interested in buying residential properties and putting them out on rent.
In any case, since a substantial number of families may decide to purchase houses there, developers will line up to buy available land parcels and build residential projects.
The impact of different job sectors on property demand
Residential property builders put in a lot of research, before launching a project in any new area. One of the main factors they will focus on, is what kind of demand is likely to exist.
For instance, an area near an industrial area or BPO, will definitely see a lot of demand from budget home seekers, while a location around a software development firm, is likely to generate demand for mid-income and semi-luxury homes.
If a new office hub is generating high-paying jobs, it becomes a suitable target for luxury home projects, as well.
However, many developers tend to miscalculate an area’s potential to sustain demand for luxury offerings. Also, the information technology-driven job market is a lot more fickle than that of, say, the manufacturing industry.
Industrial jobs in India are largely driven by local demand for manufactured goods. So, careers in a manufacturing company can be quite steady, even if the salaries are not spectacular.
IT sector-driven property markets in India
Infotech jobs, on the other hand, are not as predictable as they may have initially seemed. The demand for such services in India, is primarily driven by companies in the United States, where policies regarding outsourcing to other countries can have a big impact. We are currently witnessing such policy fluctuations happening in the US, causing a lot of uncertainty to software companies here in India.
Not all job categories in the IT/ITeS sector are affected equally, but developers of residential properties looking at cashing in on IT-driven housing demand must, nevertheless, be attuned to which level of housing demand is sustainable and which is subject to sudden change.
Investors must also be able to gauge where infotech-driven residential demand is headed. For instance, the previous IT capital of Bengaluru is now rapidly yielding its market share to cities like Pune, which are attracting more IT companies, with their burgeoning workforces and cost-effective property rates.
(The writer is CMD, Amit Enterprises Housing Ltd)