Seven Different Types of Industrial Buildings


There are many types of industrial buildings and if you are considering investment in an industrial building, it is worthwhile to know the various types. Here is a brief description of the seven different types of industrial buildings:

1 Heavy Industrial Buildings Or Manufacturing Facilities:

These buildings are large in size and used by companies that manufacture steel, cement or things like automobiles. These facilities usually have large store houses for keeping raw material and finished goods. There can be huge blast furnaces inside this type of industrial set up. There can also be pressurised air and water lines, high capacity exhaust systems, cranes and storage tanks. These buildings can be built to suit and rarely find alternative usage. For example, a manufacturing facility for steel cannot be used for making cement or anything else.

2 Warehouses

There are buildings that are used for storing goods on behalf of other companies. These are called warehouses. Although warehouses can be of different sizes, they are usually large and are located outside city limits. They can have more than one storey and can have loading docks, huge parking lots of big trucks. They can also have a small office set up inside the premises.

3 Telecom Centres Or Data Hosting Centres

These facilities have large servers and computers and are very specialised industrial set up wherein there are large power lines capable of powering the computers. These are located in proximity to large communication trunk lines.

4 Cold Storage Buildings

These are especially built to store large amounts of food products and keep them under refrigerated conditions for long periods. These buildings are located mostly along state and national highways and in places where there is good supply of electricity.

5 Light Manufacturing Buildings:

These buildings can be used in processing food items or assembly of light machinery like fans, water pumps, gadgets, etc. These are generally small in size as compared to heavy industrial buildings and do not have blast furnace, high capacity exhaust systems etc. These buildings can sometimes find alternative uses like a unit making water pumps can be converted in to assembly unit for gadget by making changes in the some of the installed machinery.

6 Research And Development Set up

Research And Development (R&D) forms an integral part of many businesses and they like to set up their own R&D centres which cater to their specific requirements. A lot of life sciences companies have their R&D centres which are usually owned by them. These centres are generally not in the centre of the city. Companies can house their scientists and other staff in these centres and hence there are residential elements in this kind of a set up. There can also be elements of office buildings in a R&D centre. Sometimes these centres run on rented buildings also but the lease period is usually long.

7 Flex Buildings

This is the newest addition to the category of industrial segment of industrial real estate and is a result of the evolving needs of modern times. These flex building have more than one usage and can accommodate a R&D facility, an office set up, light manufacturing and even showroom spaces. They are flexible in nature and some of the uses can be changed by making simple modifications.

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