Total demand for urban housing is estimated at 4.2 million units for the period of 2016-2020, across the top eight cities, according to a report. Existing under-construction and planned supply of 1.0 million housing units by private developers, is expected to be delivered across these eight cities during the said period, said the report ‘Revitalising Indian Real Estate: A new era of growth & investment’, released by Cushman & Wakefield and GRI.
Delhi-NCR (NCT, Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Gurgaon and Noida) continues to garner the highest proportion of demand of 24%, at around 1 million units, by the end of 2020, said the report. Segment-wise, the LIG (low income group) housing, below Rs 15 lakhs, is the most under-serviced segment, the report noted. While the LIG is likely to generate demand of about 1.98 million units by 2020, supply by private developers will barely be 25,000 units.
Similarly, though the MIG or middle income group (Rs 15-70 lakhs), accounts for 63% of the total housing supply across eight cities between 2016 and 2020 at 6,47,000 units, the demand is estimated to be much higher at 14,57,000 units, it said.
“At the ground level, despite demand grossly outstripping supply, there is a considerable proportion of unsold inventory in the MIG and HIG (high income group) categories, which are not absorbed as these properties are unable to demonstrate value for their buyers. Such units fall out of preference, either on account of higher-than-expected prices or due to their location. Lack of funds and high land and development costs, are the primary reasons for developers not opting for smaller-sized units closer to city centres, as profitability drastically reduces,” Cushman & Wakefield India managing director, Anshul Jain said.
Despite encouragements from the government, through taxation and funding relief, under the Housing for All 2022 vision, top cities of India have not seen a significant shift in supply for reduced sized apartments within the MIG or LIG, he said.
Further, the move to demonetise large currencies in order to crack down on black money, could further temper demand for HIG and luxury housing. This is expected to propel developers to recalibrate their plans to suit the high-demand segments of affordable housing, Jain said.
Delhi-NCR is expected to have the highest demand in all the three segments, during 2016-2020, followed by Mumbai. However, a majority of the supply is likely to cater to the HIG, followed by the MIG and LIG. Amongst all the eight cities, developers are likely to launch the highest number of units for the LIG in Kolkata, it added.