Brutalist

Brutalism gets its name from the French term béton brut, which means “raw concrete.” Read about this architectural style that came out in the 1950s, during the post-war construction boom.

Geisel Library, San Diego

The thick concrete and geometric lines are the opposite of whimsical. Geisel Library at UC San Diego is in fact named after Audrey and Theodor Seuss Geisel. Designed by William Pereira, it is iconic for the university that it was incorporated into its logo.

13988283_1349275645101342_6271323261564950563_o

 

De Rotterdam, Netherlands

These famous interconnecting towers are seen as a ‘vertical city’, complete with housing, offices, shops and restaurants. Designed by OMA, the project was completed in 2013 after four years of construction.

13909096_1349275655101341_6579512626287910085_o

 

Sunset Chapel, Acapulco

A building to celebrate life and mourn death, in 2011 Mexican architects Bunker Arquitectura designed this chapel on the idea of contrasts: glass vs concrete, classical proportions vs apparent chaos. Situated on Acapulco’s hills which are made of large granite rocks, it was designed to look like just another boulder.

13975337_1349275648434675_3760123693533362491_o

 

Nakagin Capsule Tower, Tokyo

The first capsule architecture design, Nakagin was built to house travelling businessmen. Designed by Kisho & Kurokawa Architect & Associates, and built in 1972, each 4 x 2.5m unit can be connected to the main core, or replaced if necessary. The design is based on the 1960s ‘Metabolism’ idea of cities as ‘moving’.

13996077_1349275685101338_8122164754423096647_o

 

Grand Central water tower, Johannesburg

The concrete tank in the shape of a cone was constructed in South Africa’s largest city in 1996. It was designed by GAPP Architects & Urban Designers.

13988063_1349275688434671_7423546035006102802_o

 

The Breuer Building, New York

Bauhaus-trained Austrian architect Marcel Breuer’s 1966 building on Madison Avenue and 75th Street housed the Whitney Museum of American Art until last year, when the gallery relocated to a new home designed by Renzo Piano.

13975435_1349275691768004_6976113613737731365_o

 

Cáceres bus station, Spain

Local architect Justo Garciá Rubio works mainly with concrete, and constructed the bus station in Cácares from one loop of reinforced concrete. Built in 2003, the station is situated between a nursery and a school by a park, and is visually very different from the surrounding buildings.

13920287_1349275721768001_1030639011118856827_o

 

TWA Terminal, New York

Eero Saarinen was commissioned to design a terminal at JFK airport that would ‘capture the spirit of flight’. Construction started in 1956 and was completed in 1962. It has been unused since 2001 as it couldn’t handle larger aircraft. Last year it was announced the building would be redeveloped as a hotel.

13923367_1349275728434667_4421914668425927367_o

 

Assembly Building, Chandigarh, India

Le Corbusier was commissioned as principal architectural and planning adviser for the new city of Chandigarh. Built after India gained its independence in 1947, the new city would be the administrative centre of the newly formed government.

13920224_1349275731768000_1497329535240968003_o

 

Salk Institute, San Diego

Jonas Salk, who discovered the first successful polio vaccine, established the eponymous institute in 1960 to have a research facility in San Diego. Designed in 1965 by Louis Kahn, it had specifications to provide unobtrusive lab spaces adaptable to the changing needs of science.

13938296_1349275771767996_8133466920479571889_o

*Disclaimer: all the images used in this post have been taken from various lifestyle websites. If you have any concerns about the images used, do drop us a message, and we’ll help you have it resolved.

Comments

comments