As per the information received from the Ministry of Urban Development, the proportion of green area in the National Capital Region (NCR) has declined from 4.26% in 1999, to 3.30% in 2012, environment minister Anil Madhav Dave has revealed, in a written reply dated April 3, 2017.
- He said that in the National Capital Territory of Delhi under the NCR sub-region, the green area in 1991 was 4.73% while in 2012 it stood at 4.24%.
- Similarly, in Haryana sub-region, it declined from 3.40% in 1991 to 2.75% in 2012.
- In the Rajasthan sub-region, it reduced from 6.48% to 5.66% in 2012, while in UP sub-region, it declined from 3.63% to 2.03%.
Dave said the development and maintenance of green cover in urban areas, including the protection of trees, was within the purview of urban local bodies and urban development authorities. These authorities make continuous efforts to plant trees to enhance the green cover, including tree plantation drives involving the local people, he said.
On the measures to enhance green cover, the union minister noted that the Green India Mission has been implemented by the Environment Ministry, which aims at enhancing the tree cover in 0.20 million hectare of urban and peri-urban areas, including institutional lands. Further, the Environment Ministry has implemented an urban forestry scheme namely ‘Nagar Van-Udyan Yojana’ on a pilot basis, to create 200 city forests in the country in next five years, he said.
The Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) implemented by the Ministry of Urban Development, also has the objective of increasing the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well-maintained open spaces, Dave added.