# Bigha: All about land area measurement unit

A commonly used land area measurement unit, bigha is popularly used across northern India. Here we explain how Indian states understand bigha, area conversion into other units and commonly asked questions about bigha

In a vast country like India, each state has its own unique language. The same goes for land measurement units. Since land is a state subject, each state may have its own set of local area measurement units, apart from the generally accepted area measurement units (such as sq ft or sq metre, etc.). In north India, for example, bigha is among the most common land measurement units.

## What is bigha?

Bigha is a traditional unit of measurement of land. It is commonly used across northern parts of India, Bangladesh and Nepal or in areas where there has been a migration from India, such as Fiji. In India, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh,  Jharkhand, Punjab, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal use bigha as a measure. However, it is interesting to note that in all these places, there is no one standard understanding of the term.

Although the usage of bigha as a unit of measurement dates back to a long time ago, the unit is still used across the country with regional variations.

## How much is 1 bigha in Indian states

 State Understanding of 1 bigha Assam 14,400 sq ft Bihar 27,220 sq ft Gujarat 17,427 sq ft Haryana 27,225 sq ft Himachal Pradesh 8,712 sq ft Jharkhand 27,211 sq ft Punjab 9,070 sq ft Rajasthan 1 pucca bigha = 27,225 sq ft1 kuchha bigha = 17,424 sq ft Madhya Pradesh 12,000 sq ft Uttarakhand 6,804 sq ft Uttar Pradesh 27,000 sq ft West Bengal 14348.29 sq ft

*You can also make this calculation using Housing.com’s land unit converter.

## Difference between pucca and kuchha bigha

In the table provided above, you may have noticed that in Rajasthan, there exists both pucca and kuchha bigha. The two units are also used in parts of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. While pucca or pakka bigha was comparatively more used, the kuchha bigha was usually used by landlords while dealing with their tenants. Both the measurements were ‘standardised’ by early landlords and vary from place to place.

## Commonly asked questions on bigha conversion into other units

 No FAQ Bigha conversion 1 How many bigha is in one acre? One acre is 1.62 bigha. 2 How many bigha in one hectare? One hectare is 4 bigha and consequently, two hectare is 8 bigha and five hectare is 20 bigha. (Check out Bigha to hectare conversion) 3 How many sq ft in one  bigha? One bigha is 26,910.66 sq ft. 4 How many square yards in one bigha? One bigha is 2,990 sq yd.Convert Bigha to square yard 5 How many square metres in one bigha? One bigha is 2,500 sq mt.See also: Bigha to square meter 6 How many marla in one bigha? One bigha is 0.46 marla. 7 How many kanal in one bigha? One bigha is 4.94 kanal.Convert Bigha to kanal 8 How many biswa in one bigha? One bigha is 0.01 biswa.Bigha to biswa calculator 9 How many ground in one bigha? One bigha is 1.04 ground. 10 How many aankadam in one bigha? One bigha is 34.73 aankadam. 11 How many rood in one bigha? One bigha is 0.23 rood. 12 How many chatak in one bigha? One bigha is 5.56 chatak. 13 How many kottah in one bigha? One bigha is 37.38 kottah. 14 How many cent in one bigha? One bigha is 61.78 cent. 15 How many perch in one bigha? One bigha is 9.18 perch. 16 How many guntha in one bigha? One bigha is 2.30 guntha. 17 How many are in one bigha? One bigha is 2.32 are.

*Note: Some numbers may vary depending on the local understanding of bigha.

## Why does bigha vary in different states?

It was only in 1778 that the French devised standard land measurement units. Prior to that, the local land measurements were popular. Natives still prefer using the age-old and familiar concept and understanding of bigha. This is true for all other locally used units of measurement, as well.

## Zone-wise understanding of bigha

 Zone Measurement States East India 1 Bigha = 1,600 sq yd Assam and Bengal West India 1 Bigha = 1,936 sq yd Gujarat and parts of Rajasthan Central India 1 Bigha = 1,333.33 sq yd Madhya Pradesh North India 1 Bigha = 900 to 3,025 sq yd Across north India

Note: South India does not use bigha as a land measurement unit.

## Other common area conversion factors

 Unit Conversion factor 1 sq ft 144 square inches 1 Square Yard (sq yd) 9 sq ft 1 Acre 4,840 sq yd 1 Hectare 10,000 sq mtr (or 2.47 acres) 1 Bigha 968 sq yd 1 Bigha-Pucca 3,025 sq yd 1 Biswa 48.4 sq yd 1 Killa 4,840 sq yd 1 Aankadam 72 sq ft 1 Cent 435.6 sq ft 1 Ground 2,400 sq ft 1 kanal 5,445 sq ft (8 Kanals = 1 acre) 1 Kuncham 484 sq yd 1 Chatak 180 sq ft 1 Guntha 1,089 sq ft

## How to convert bigha into other units easily?

Some of us may be very well versed, when it comes to area conversion. However, even then, local area measurements may vary. Housing.com gives you a conversion tool free of cost.

## Is Bigha used for land measurement in south India?

Bigha, as you would have already noted is not used in southern India. In this part of the country, Kuncham, Guntha, Ground, Cent and Ankanam are more popularly used.

## Bigha to acre conversion

 Acre Bigha 1 1.6 2 3.2 3 4.8 4 6.4 5 8 6 9.6 7 11.2 8 12.8 9 14.4 10 16

## Hectare to bigha conversion

 Hectare Bigha 1 3.95 2 7.90 3 11.86 4 15.81 5 19.76 6 23.72 7 27.67 8 31.62 9 35.58 10 39.53

## Mukhya Mantri 1 Bigha Scheme

In Himachal Pradesh, the government has launched the Mukhya Mantri 1 Bigha Scheme that will empower about 1.5 lakh rural women, by providing them employment under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS). Under the scheme, a woman or her family owning up to one bigha land can grow a backyard kitchen garden. The move is aimed at easing the economic impact caused by the Coronavirus pandemic. Under the 1 Bigha Scheme, beneficiaries will be trained at various methods of cultivation to ensure maximum profits.

The 1 Bigha Scheme will help the rural women earn Rs 1 lakh per year, which includes a daily wage of Rs 198. Every 15 days, this wage will be transferred to their Aadhaar-linked bank account. Gram Rozgar Sewaks, that is the government’s task force will monitor the progress of the scheme. In Himachal Pradesh, 1 Bigha is 752.51 sq metres.

## FAQs

### What is a Bigha?

Bigha is a land measurement unit that is commonly used across northern India.

### How many bigha in one acre?

One acre comprises of 1.62 bigha.

### How many bigha in one hectare?

One hectare is equal to 4 bigha.