Local land measurement units in India

In this article, we will discuss the most common land measurement units used in various parts of India

While there are some standard land-measurement units used globally, some countries, including India, also use more locally popular benchmarks, which have been in practice for long. In this article, we will discuss the common land measurement units used in various parts of India, apart from the globally accepted benchmarks.


Common land measurement units used across the world

Square foot (sq ft)

The most commonly-used unit is a square foot (sq ft), which is equal to 0.11 of a square yard. Under the rules of the real estate law in India, developers have to notify the area in sq ft terms.


Square yard

Larger than a sq ft, a square yard is made of 9 sq ft.


Square metre (sq mt)

Made of 10.76 sq ft, a square metre is also a common land measuring unit applied in India.



One acre consists of 43,560 sq ft.



One hectare is equal to 1,07,639 sq ft.


Land measurement units in east India


Dhur denotes different sizes, depending on the state where it is being used. In Bihar, it is equal to over 68 sq ft. In Tripura, it stands for 3.6 sq ft.

States where Dhur is used: UP, Bihar, Jharkhand and Tripura.



Kattha also has different values, ranging between 600 and 2,800 sq ft. A standard sq ft equivalent of the unit is 719 sq ft.

States where Kattha is used: Assam, Bengal, Bihar and MP.



One Chatak is equal to 45 sq ft.

States where Chatak is used: West Bengal



A Lecha denotes 144 sq ft.

States where Lecha is used: Assam


Local land measurement units in India


Land measurement units in north and west India


This unit, used a wide range of states, denotes different sq ft numbers in different states.

State1 Bigha in sq ft
Himachal Pradesh8,712
Madhya Pradesh12,000
West Bengal14,400



Quite commonly used in the northern part of India, a Gaj is made of 9 sq ft.

States where Gaj is used: Delhi, Punjab and Haryana.



A Biswa is 1,350 sq ft.

States where Biswa is used: UP, Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh.



A Killa is equal to 43,560 sq ft of land.

States where Killa is used: Punjab and Haryana.



A Kanal is equal to 5,445 sq ft.

States where Kanal is used: Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir and Punjab.



Also known to be an equivalent of an acre, a Ghumao consists of 43,560 sq ft.

States where Ghumao is used: Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab.



A Sarsai is equal to 30.25 sq ft.

States where Sarsai is used: Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.



A Marla consists of 272.25 sq ft.

States where Marla is used: Punjab and Haryana.


Land measurement units in south India


An Ankanam is equal to 72 sq ft.

States where Ankanam is used: Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.



A Guntha stands for 1,089 sq ft.

States where Guntha is used: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra.



A Kuncham is equal to 4,356 sq ft.

States where Kuncham is used: Andhra Pradesh.



A ground has 2,400 sq ft in it.

States where ground is used: Tamil Nadu.



A cent is equal to 435.6 sq ft.

States where cent is used: Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.



What are common global land measuring units in India?

These include acre, square foot, square metre, square yard and hectare.

What are common local land measuring units in India?

These include Bigha, Dhur, Chatak, Gaj, etc.


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