All you need to know about Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP)

A Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP) is a vision document for a city, which envisages a plan for the overall growth and sustainable development of a city while focusing on financing and project implementation

Among the various functions that state governments are entrusted with, a crucial one is the role of engaging in city planning and development. A comprehensive development plan (CDP) is a document prepared by a government, which envisions the all-round development of a city, focusing on several areas, such as infrastructure development, housing, transportation and connectivity, etc. While giving a clear picture of the current scenario with respect to the city’s development, the CDP also includes long-term strategies and policies for attaining the set objectives.


What is the purpose of a comprehensive development plan?

Rapid urbanisation has created the need for the development of new cities and areas within existing cities and their peripheries. Proper urban planning contributes towards the sustainable growth of a city and improves socio-economic conditions. The CDP fulfils the need for a long-term plan, giving a road map for the planned development, including an investment budget plan for the implementation of the same. It mentions alternative approaches and strategies for the development process and for tackling socio-economic problems.

The CDP was incorporated in the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM), a massive programme launched by the government with the objective of creating economically productive, efficient, equitable and responsive cities.


CDP (Comprehensive Development Plan)


Comprehensive development plan: Process

  • The CDP process involves different stages and it is initiated following an in-depth study and review of the city’s present situation, covering the demographic, economic, infrastructural, environmental, financial and institutional aspects.
  • Town planners are responsible for analysing the various aspects and the focus is on identifying the challenges that have resulted in the lack of proper infrastructure development over the years.
  • The next step relates to the creation of plans for the city’s future development, with the help of key stakeholders.
  • An effective strategy is prepared, to ensure that present and future goals are aligned, which is followed by the conceptualisation of projects and programs.
  • A City Investment Plan (CIP) created under the CDP provides an estimate of the investment required for the implementation of the comprehensive development plan. For example, whether financing will be enabled through the local government or by encouraging the private sector, etc.

See also: All about Delhi Master Plan 2041


What is the difference between master plan and development plan?

In India, the terms master plan and development plan are used interchangeably. However, there is a difference in terms of the various aspects they cover.

What is a master plan?What is a CDP?
A master plan is a planning tool for urban development, prepared by an urban local government.A CDP is a vision document for a city’s future development, which includes a city investment plan, with in-depth analysis of the present situation.
It is a statutory document for guiding and regulating regional development.The emphasis of a CDP is on city-based development and internal growth and it identifies projects as specified under JNNURM guidelines.
The purpose of a master plan is to work out land and infrastructure requirements for urban and rural uses.CDP is aimed at devising plans for implementing the planned projects, also covering the financial aspects.
Unlike a CDP, it does not provide guidelines for the implementation of plans.It contributes to the development process more operationally than conceptually.
Master plans are prepared for the long-term, promoting growth and future development, while giving a perspective of 20 to 25 years.CDP specifies goals for the short term, usually of five years.


Although CDP is prepared independently of the master plan, there is a greater need for ensuring better synchronisation between the two, to ensure efficient planning.

About 63 cities have been identified under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) for the implementation of urban reforms.

Mentioned below are some of the Indian cities for which the comprehensive development plan has been prepared:

  • Puducherry: Comprehensive development plan for Puducherry planning area – 2036.
  • Bangalore: CDP Bangalore Master Plan 2015. (See also: Bangalore master plan: Everything you need to know)
  • Ahmedabad: Comprehensive Development Plan – 2021 of AUDA (Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority).
  • Cuttack: Comprehensive Development Plan (Master Plan) for Cuttack.



What is CDP full form?

CDP stands for comprehensive development plan.

What is a city development plan?

The City Development Plan is a toolkit under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission which serves as a vision document for a city’s future growth and development.

Who prepares the master plan of a city?

The Department of Town and Country Planning of the specific state prepares the master plan for a city.

What is the new name for JNNURM?

The Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission launched in December 2005, is succeeded by the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT).


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