What is a BHK?

BHK stands for bedroom, hall and kitchen in a unit. Know everything about what the term conveys, in this article

Besides the budget and location preferences, a home buyer must also decide on the configuration of the property – i.e., 1BHK, 2BHK or a 3BHK. Before that, one needs to understand what exactly a BHK is.


What does a BHK stand for?

BHK stands for bedroom, hall and kitchen. It is used to convey the number of rooms in a property. For example, a 2BHK means that the particular property has two bedrooms, one hall and a kitchen. A 3BHK unit means there are three bedrooms, a hall and a single kitchen in the property. Even if there are two bathrooms/toilets, sellers may or may not advertise it that way but will definitely mention the number of bedrooms.

In short,

1BHK is 1 bedroom, hall, kitchen

2BHK is 2 bedrooms, hall, kitchen

3BHK is 3 bedrooms, hall, kitchen

4BHK is 4 bedrooms, hall, kitchen

Note that even if the abbreviation does not include a ‘T’ as in a toilet space, all of these have a bath and toilet space. Some sellers may market their property as a 3BHK+2T property. In this ‘2T’ refers to two toilets. This is to highlight the benefit of the added space.


BHK usage

The abbreviation ‘BHK’ is used to refer to the configuration in not just flats but villas, independent homes, builder floor properties and bungalows, as well. In the case of plots, the term ‘BHK’ is not applicable, unless someone is using it to refer to the future potential. – for example, ‘You can build a 3BHK house on this plot’.


What is 1BHK?

1BHK unit


What is 2BHK?

2BHK unit


What is 0.5BHK?

Developers have been experimenting with various formats that are popular among home buyers. Due to rapid urbanisation and evolving demand for dwelling spaces, the trend of half-bedroom is growing in India. This additional space can be used as a utility room, pooja room, kids’ playroom, or store room. The room may or may not include windows and other facilities. Many luxury apartments also include the option of a half bedroom. For very small families or for single professionals, a 0.5BHK or half bedroom may be sufficient. It refers to a unit that has a bedroom that is slightly smaller than a standard-sized bedroom, a bath/toilet and a kitchen.

What is a 1 BHK?

A 1 BHK unit has a standard-sized master bedroom, a hall and kitchen. The attached bathroom and toilet are not attached with the master bedroom but is outside the room. The 1 BHK is a common configuration for people who are looking at a real estate exposure especially in central locations owing to the piece range they are available for.

What is 1.5BHK?

A 1.5BHK unit has a standard-sized master bedroom and a smaller-sized bedroom, which can be used as a bedroom or a study room, library, servant room or even a store room.


What is 2.5BHK?

A 2.5BHK unit has two bedrooms and a small-size room, which can be used as a storeroom or servant room. Such units are becoming increasingly popular, especially in the Delhi-National Capital Region (NCR). Mid-sized families, with around four to five members, often prefer these, because it gives them the comfort of a 3BHK at a relatively affordable price.


What is 2.5BHK?

A 2.5BHK unit

See also: Everything you need to know about studio apartments

Resale value of additional half-room properties 

As already mentioned, developers are experimenting with these additional ‘half-rooms’. The reason behind such experimentation is the demand from home buyers. Naturally, more buyers are drawn towards affordably-priced properties. Since 2BHK units are very popular, 1.5BHK and 2.5BHK units also attract buyers who do not want to switch to a 3BHK and pay more. Half-rooms provide such home owners with the flexibility and additional space they were looking for and thus, even in the secondary market, these units are in demand.


What is 1RK? 

Another variant for those looking at small apartments is a 1RK unit. Popular in parts of Maharashtra, 1RK stands for a unit with one room and a kitchen, with a bath/toilet space. As the abbreviation implies, such a unit has given a miss to the hall space.


What is 1RK

A 1RK unit

Buyers with limited budget settle for this configuration. It is also useful for those who are frequent travellers. Such people may not intend to spend too many days at a hotel and may not want to invest too much into property in a different city either. A 1RK is a suitable configuration for such professionals.


What to know about the property’s size?

At times, a 1BHK unit may come across as bigger than a regular 2BHK or a 2BHK could easily be passed for a 3BHK or even renovated into a 3BHK unit. In short, some builders may offer an 800-sq ft property as a 1BHK and some others may package a 2BHK in that space. Why do such irregularities exist when it comes to the area of a property? This is because there are no set rules for a standard-sized property and the localities or property markets may establish an unsaid rule pertaining to the same.

See also: What is Carpet Area, Built-Up Area and Super Built-Up Area?

For example, you may be able to find bigger 2BHKs in Hyderabad as compared to Mumbai. Size irregularities happen due to availability of land in a certain region and the premium attached to a building in that space, the overall construction cost and the sale price, etc.


Carpet area and built-up area

When we discuss size of the property, it is important to understand carpet area. Carpet area is the actual usable area you get for use in your home. It does not include the thickness of the inner walls, or the space used in building the lobby, the elevator, the stairs, the play area, etc. On the other hand, built-up area is the carpet area plus the area that is covered by the inner walls and the balcony. We have discussed it at length here.


Is 1BHK house a good investment?

An apartment of 1BHK configuration is likely to be more affordable than a 2BHK unit. However, whether or not it is a good investment, will depend on the preference and budget of the home buyer. A 1BHK house can be the right choice for young couples, students, or bachelors. Thus, these units also prove to be suitable investment options for property owners who are looking for rental income.


What is the standard size of a 2BHK flat?

Generally, the area of a standard 2BHK apartment ranges from 650 sq ft to 1,000 sq ft or more, depending on the project. In Mumbai and other expensive cities, you would commonly find 2BHK flats of sizes ranging from 650 sq ft to 700 sq ft. In certain localities, the sizes can be less than 600 sq ft.

However, apartments of 2BHK configurations of sizes 1,000 sq ft or more in luxury residential projects, provide spacious homes for prospective buyers.



Are 1RK and studio apartments the same?

Both 1RK and studio apartments are similar given that they are smaller configurations. However, a studio apartment does have a hall or living space while a 1RK gives a miss to the hall space.

Are smaller configurations easier when it comes to resale?

Most home buyers opt for smaller units, because of budget constraints or investment preferences. In recent times, 2BHK have moved faster in the market, because these are relatively affordable as compared to 3BHKs. However, whether a small unit will move faster in the secondary market depends on market sentiments and trends typical to a given property market.

What is the average price of a 1BHK unit in Thane?

The broad range of 1BHK units in Thane vary from Rs 8 lakhs to Rs 1 crore, depending upon the property size, exact location, amenities and developer.

(Images courtesy Housing.com and developer websites)


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