Table of Contents
- Difference between Khasra number and Khata number
- What is Khatauni number?
- What information will Khata, Khasra and Khatauni numbers provide
- How to find Khasra number/Khata number/Khatauni number?
- List of states where you can get find Khasra number/Khata number/Khatauni number details online
- Khata, Khasra, Khatauni example
What is Khasra (ख़सरा) and how is it different from Khatauni (खतौनी)? What is Khata number (खाता नम्बर) and is it Khewat (खेवट)?
Many mind-boggling terms like these would come your way when you study land records. This is because land records in India were first organised by the Mughals in order to levy taxes and generate revenue. Resultantly, land records widely carry terms of Persian and Arabic origins. While improvement have been made in land record keeping since then, the terms are very much an integral part of revenue and legal system even today.
Explained below is what Khasra (ख़सरा) is, a term you would often come across when you try to access land records – online or offline.
Difference between Khasra number and Khata number
The Khasra number is among the many details that are maintained across Indian states under records of rights, popularly known as Jamabandi or Fard. Apart from Khasra number, RoR also has details about the owner, mortgages, leases, crop details and cultivator’s details.
A Persian term, Khasra number is a plot or survey number given to a particular piece of land in villages. In urban areas, land parcels are allotted plot numbers or survey numbers, the equivalent of rural areas’ Khasra number. The land parcels might have several owners.
“An account of all the geographical contents, a Khasra number also provides details like the total area of the land, whether it is fertile, kind of crop cultivated on the land, the number of trees planted here and the soil quality etc.,” says Barabanki-based Amresh Shula, who works as a Lekhpal with the Uttar Pradesh Land Revenue department.
A Khata number, on the other hand, is an account number allotted to a family which denotes the entire landholding of all the members. Also known as the Khewat number, a Khata number provides you the details of owners and their total landholding.
Example: Prakash, Saurabh and Rahul are siblings who earn land parcels falling under Khasra number 20, 22 and 24 in their village. They will have the same Khata or Khewat number.
Depending on the state you are looking for the land record, you will have to use the Khata Number or the Khatauni number or both to access the documents.
What is Khatauni number?
On the same lines, a Khatauni number is given to a set of cultivators (known as काश्त्कार or बटाईदार in Hindi) who cultivate certain portions of land falling under various Khasra numbers. In rural India, cultivators are people who earn wages by helping landowners with crop growing under an arrangement known as Batai (बटाई). In case owners grow crops on their own in their agricultural land, it’s termed in government records as self-cultivated (खुदकाश्त).
“Historically, most landowners depended on people with no landholding for cultivation purpose. An arrangement was made between the two parties, where the owner would provide his land and the resources to cultivate while the entire task was carried out by the cultivators. The crop was later divided equally between the two parties. This arrangement is popularly known as the Batai system in the Hindi belt,” says Prabhanshu Mishra, a Lucknow-based lawyer.
Example: Ram Kumar, Deen Dayal Varam and Raghunath Prasad are cultivators who cultivate certain portions of land under Khasra number 26, 30 and 35 in their village. The three of them would have the same Khatauni number.
What information will Khata, Khasra and Khatauni numbers provide
- How much agricultural land a village has.
- How many people own a particular land parcel in the village.
- If this particular land parcel is being cultivated by the owners.
- If not, how many people are cultivating this particular land parcel.
- How much landholding a family has in the village.
- What is the share of these landholders in the land.
Khata Number: Owner’s details along with his entire landholding.
Khasra Number: Plot details.
Khatauni number: Cultivator’s details along with the entire area he cultivates.
How to find Khasra number/Khata number/Khatauni number?
Since most states have digitised their land records, users can go to the official revenue department website of the state concerned and find out the details. Alternatively, the tehsildar’s office can give you a copy of these details.
List of states where you can get find Khasra number/Khata number/Khatauni number details online
Andhra Pradesh: Meebhoomi
Himachal Pradesh: Bhulekh
Karnataka: Survey, Settlement & Land Records.
Manipur: Loucha Pathap
Madhya Pradesh: Bhulekh
Telangana: Know your land status
e-ServiceRajasthan: Apna khata
Uttar Pradesh: Bhulekh
West Bengal: Banglarbhumi
Khata, Khasra, Khatauni example
Here is a Jamabandi Nakal from a village in Haryana that explains the numbers mentioned above.
How can I get Khasra number for my land?
You can find out the Khasra number by logging on to the official land revenue department website of your state.
Is Khasra number different from Khata number?
Khasra number is survey number of a land while Khata number is handholding details of owners.